What To Know About Ear Infections
As a parent, you most likely have encountered an ear infection with your child. In fact, 75 percent of children will have at least one ear infection before age 3.
Review the symptoms of ear infections and learn how it is easier than ever for parents to get diagnosis and treatment for this common ailment with tools like Ochsner’s Anywhere Care Health Kit.
Signs and Symptoms of an Ear Infection
An ear infection occurs when fluids caused by bacteria or viruses build up in the ear, causing pain and inflammation. The main symptom your child may express to you is ear pain, and if your child cannot talk yet, you may see them pulling on their ear or rubbing at it while crying. Other signs and symptoms to look out for include:
- Difficulty sleeping – Ear infection pain tends to be worse at night, especially when lying down, and can disturb a child’s sleep.
- High fever
- Low appetite
- Drainage of fluid from the ear
Who is the most susceptible to ear infections?
Ear infections are often recurring. This is because they are caused by many different types of germs and children encounter many opportunities for infection. There are also children who simply have a tendency toward ear infections.
There are three significant factors that can contribute to the likelihood of ear infections:
- Genetics: A parent’s genetic predisposition to recurring ear infections can increase their children’s chances of having recurring ear infections.
- Drinking while lying down: Children who drink from a bottle while lying flat on their backs are more prone to ear infections due to the germs that enter their inner ear.
- Asthma: Children with asthma are more susceptible as are children who suffer from allergic rhinitis (constant runny nose due to allergies) and atopic dermatitis (eczema).
Diagnosing an Ear Infection
Click here to learn more about easy, at-home visits with the Ochsner Anywhere Care Health Kit.
An ear infection is diagnosed by a healthcare provider who looks at the ear drum using an otoscope to determine the presence of infection. This exam can take place at the provider’s office or via an at-home virtual visit.
With new technology, physicians can conduct this exam remotely via smartphone. For example, with Ochsner’s Anywhere Care Health Kit, parents can use the otoscope attachment to give the doctor a look at their child’s inner ears. Through the connected Ochsner Anywhere Care app, the doctor can examine the child’s ear canal, consult with the parent and patient and provide diagnosis and treatment guidance.
How to Treat an Ear Infection
Ear infections can be acute– lasting from a few days until two weeks – or chronic, in which they last longer than two weeks.
While both acute and chronic ear infections are painful and unpleasant for a child, they are typically not considered dangerous. In fact, an ear infection can often heal on its own without the use of antibiotics. In these cases, providers will usually recommend keeping a close watch on the child while giving the body a chance to fight off the infection on its own.
In cases where the child seems very sick, or if symptoms don’t subside in two to three days, the use of antibiotics can treat these severe infections.
You can relieve symptoms such as pain or fever with over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Make sure to ask your healthcare provider what medications are safe by discussing proper treatment and dosage during your in-office appointment or at-home virtual visit.