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The Aging Spine and Available Treatments

The Aging Spine and Available Treatments

Did you know that 85% of all Americans suffer from low back pain, and 20% of Americans suffer from neck pain?

Lower back and neck pain can become a persistent condition that causes psychological distress and depression. The spine includes muscles, tendons and ligaments that provide support and movement. These tissues can spasm or become strained, which is a common cause of lower back and/or neck pain and stiffness.

Sources of the pain can include:

  • Muscles
  • Tendons
  • Bones
  • Joints
  • Discs
  • Nerves

In between the vertebrae are discs that give flexibility and movement to the lower back and neck. These discs may herniate or degenerate from wear and tear over time or from a traumatic injury. A number of degenerating spinal conditions may encroach on the spinal canal and can affect either the spinal cord or the nerve roots causing neurological symptoms, such as muscle weakness, numbness or pain in the arms or legs.

Here are some conservative management treatments for pain that usually lasts 4-6 weeks:

  • Medications including an anti-inflammatory, muscle relaxant or oral steroid
  • Physical Therapy
  • Nerve block and steroid injection, which helps clarify the diagnosis and provide pain relief
  • Other modalities include chiropractic manipulations and acupuncture, as well as exercise treatments including swimming, yoga and pilates

Good posture can go a long way. If your profession causes you to sit at a desk or use a computer for most of the day, try the following tips:

  • Keep your head up: The monitor should be 2-3 inches above eye level
  • Have your mouse close to eliminate over-reaching or twisting your shoulder
  • Plant your feet shoulder width apart, keeping your knees at a 90 degree angle
  • Take breaks: Get up and walk around at least once an hour

At Ochsner Medical Center - Kenner, we provide state-of-the-art care for all aspects of spinal disorders. Our priority is to help you regain your quality of life. We are using minimally invasive techniques that are faster, safer and require less recovery time than traditional open spine surgery. Minimally invasive spine surgery (MIS) offers better cosmetic results from smaller skin incisions. It reduces blood loss and muscle damage since the muscles fibers are dilated to access the spine. It preserves the integrity of important ligaments and promotes long-term spine stability. After MIS procedures, the risk of infection and the reliance on pain medications are reduced.

We use MIS procedures to treat a variety of conditions such as lumbar disc herniation, lumbar stenosis, degenerative scoliosis, cervical foraminal stenosis, spinal infections, spinal instability, vertebral compression fractures and spinal tumours. We use tubular retractors to perform microdiscectomy, spinal decompression and tumour resection. Interbody fusion for stabilization of degenerative conditions such as scoliosis and spondylolisthesis can also be performed through MIS procedures.

If pain persists or is chronic, consult with an Ochsner neurosurgeon. Click here to book an appointment.

Source: http://www.health.com/health/package/0,,20802635,00.html

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