MythBusters: Medical Show Edition
Medical shows are incredibly popular and have been for quite some time. From the exhilarating episodes of House to the beloved drama of Grey’s Anatomy, these stories draw us in from a character perspective, but also because of the interesting and obscure medical issues they highlight.
However, we’ve all seen an episode where the medical circumstances were just a little bit too over the top – even from the perspective of a seasoned viewer or healthcare professional! Which is why we decided to investigate to debunk a few of the myths from our favorite medical shows. You might be surprised at some of the answers!
The Good Doctor, Season 1, Episode 6: “Not Fake”
The Concept: After a horrific bus crash on the way to a wedding, a bridesmaid suffers from severe burns on her chest and arms. After connecting with the victim on a personal level and learning her fear of being visibly scarred forever, the resident physician digs into an experimental treatment that another hospital has approved. This treatment consists of placing fish skin on the burns which helps restore skin, leaving very minimal scarring.
The Question: Can fresh fish scales really replace skin grafts for burn victims?
The Answer: FACT! While this treatment is still only in an experimental phase and it has only been done in Brazil as far as we know, this method has been used before.
The innovation came about when there was an unmet need for human skin, pig skin and artificial alternatives for skin grafts that are widely available in the U.S. The sterilized fish skin is placed on the burns because of the amount of collagen it has, and it doesn’t have to be removed and replaced as frequently as regular gauze.
Busted by: Christopher Babycos, MD
House, M.D., Season 1, Episode 21: “Three Stories”
The Concept: One of House’s patients is a farmer who was bitten by a timber rattlesnake. When the patient receives the anti-venom, he suffers an allergic reaction. The results of venom testing leads House to believe the farmer's symptoms cannot be from a snakebite.
After telling the patient that they are out of options and he may die as a result, the farmer quickly changes his focus to wondering what will happen to his dog if he passes away. House deduces that the bite was caused by his dog instead of a snake, and that this was not the first time it happened. Dr. Foreman and Dr. Chase return to the farmer's field and take a sample of the dog's saliva, revealing a form of strep bacteria - more commonly known as flesh-eating bacteria. The farmer's life is saved after receiving a right leg amputation.
The Question: Can dogs really carry flesh-eating bacteria and transfer it?
The Answer: FACT! There are bacteria that are able to cause severe skin and soft tissue infections in the mouth of animals and humans. Our mouths and animal’s mouths have a lot of bacteria that are part of our normal flora.
With an animal bite such as a dog or cat bite, it is important to be sure that the bitten area is cleaned immediately and that the person is up to date on a tetanus vaccine. Antibiotics may be prescribed by a health care provider as well.
There are rare cases in which some bacteria may cause more serious infection that could spread quickly from the area of the bite causing redness, pain and heat of the skin and tissue surrounding the bite. Seek medical attention immediately if these symptoms occur.
Busted by: Katherine Baumgarten, MD
Grey’s Anatomy, Season 7, Episode 5: “Superfreak”
The Concept: A man who tragically suffers from “Tree Man” disease - in which he develops severe bark-like growths covering most of his body - is treated by the doctors at Seattle Grace. He is told he’ll need surgery to remove the growths to prevent him from becoming completely disabled. During surgery, they remove several warts and from one of them, spiders crawl out. The surgeon try to do skin grafts but warts have already starting growing on the healthy skin so his grafts will have to wait six months to a year.
The Question: Can this really happen to a person? If so, what causes it and is there a fix or a cure?
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The Answer: FACT! The disease presenting with bark-like growths covering a person’s skin is a rare form of a disease called epidermodysplasia verruciformis (EV). EV is caused by a genetic susceptibility to widespread and persistent infections of the skin with specific human papilloma virus (HPV) types. EV is a rare disease and the bark-like growths is the rarest presentation of EV.
There are no established effective treatments given the rarity of the disease. Removing the tumors surgically may be effective, but given the extensive nature, closing the wounds created by excising the tumors may require skin grafting.
As far as the spider scenario, that sounds like a television embellishment.
Busted by: Julie Mermilliod, MD