Food Poisoning or 2023 Stomach Flu?
Food poisoning and stomach flu are both unpleasant, and their symptoms are similar enough that many people have a hard time telling them apart. Symptoms of both often include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fever, chills and dizziness due to dehydration. Understanding the difference between the two illnesses is important for treatment purposes, as well as for protecting others around you from infection.
Below, we break down the primary differences between stomach flu and food poisoning, as well as the recommended course of action for each.
Food poisoning versus stomach flu
Stomach flu is a term that many people use to refer to an array of stomach sicknesses. The actual name of the stomach flu is viral gastroenteritis and refers to a variety of viruses that infect the intestinal tract. It’s important to note that stomach flu viruses are different than influenza, or the seasonal flu.
Unlike the stomach flu viruses, food poisoning is caused by bacteria from contaminated food. Contamination can occur at any stage of the food preparation process. Cooking food thoroughly is essential in preventing harmful bacteria growth.
In some cases, food poisoning is more dangerous than the average stomach flu because it can lead to hospitalization and even death. To prevent food poisoning, food handlers must wash their hands regularly since the main cause of spreading germs is contamination of food by people who carry the germs.
Distinguishing between the stomach flu and food poisoning is difficult because of their similar symptoms. However, food poisoning can be determined as the culprit if other people get ill from the same food as you. This is more difficult to determine if you believe that you became ill from food eaten in a restaurant. Calling the health department or restaurant to see if there are similar reports of sickness might allow you to determine food poisoning as the cause.
Food poisoning symptoms on average tend to be more severe than stomach flu symptoms. They can appear right after a person eats the contaminated food, or not until days later. Common symptoms of food poisoning include:
- Nausea or vomiting
- Stomach pain
- Diarrhea that can be watery or bloody
Other symptoms can include problems with the nervous system, such as blurry vision or feeling dizzy. But these problems are not as common.
Stomach flu symptoms have a 24- to 48-hour incubation period, and typically last one to three days. However, some outlier cases can continue for up to 10 days. Common stomach flu symptoms include:
- Diarrhea that can be watery
- Stomach pain
- Nausea or vomiting
- Muscle aches
- Low fever
Doctors can test your stool and send it to the lab to identify bacteria associated with food poisoning and viruses associated with gastroenteritis. This is not typically done unless you are experiencing severe symptoms or strongly suspect food poisoning as the cause. Treatment for both illnesses is the same and requires lots of fluids and bed rest.
Note: Another condition to consider nowadays is COVID-19 infection. We know that the most common GI symptom is lack of appetite in patients who tested positive for COVID-19, but up to a third of the patients also complain of diarrhea, nausea or vomiting and abdominal pain.
What can I do on my own to feel better?
- Drink enough liquids so that your body does not get dehydrated. Dehydration is when the body loses too much water.
- Eat small meals that do not have a lot of fat in them.
- Rest, if you feel tired.
Should I see a doctor?
Patients should consult a doctor or nurse if they for any of the following conditions:
- Severe belly pain
- Cannot eat or drink
- Vomit blood or have blood in your bowel movements
- Have a fever higher than 100.4 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius)
Most people recover from food poisoning and the stomach flu and never actually know which one occurred. The most important thing to do when you think that you have food poisoning or stomach flu is to drink plenty of fluids and make sure symptoms subside. Always contact your doctor if you believe that symptoms are getting more severe because they might require medical attention.
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